It is impossible to preserve youth forever, but it is quite possible to postpone the onset of old age for decades. To start using anti aging skin care products, there is no need to wait for the first wrinkles to appear – on the contrary, it is better to do prevention in advance. Consider where to start, what to look for, and what results to strive for.
How Does the Skin Age?
To choose the best anti aging skin products for your skin type it is essential to understand – how does the skin age?
The aging process affects all cells in the body, and the skin is no exception. This process is influenced by both internal and external factors. The first group includes genetics, ethnicity, and hormones – things that are impossible or very difficult to change. The second is stress, exposure to air pollution and ultraviolet radiation, smoking, nutrition, lack of sleep, and various diseases. These factors can be controlled. It is possible to at-least partially neutralize the negative aging effect, providing the skin with quality care.
With age, many processes slow down, on which the condition of the skin depends, for example, cells are not renewed as quickly as in adolescence. The blood circulation is impaired, and hence the nutrition of the cells. The moisture level drops due to a lack of hyaluronic acid, and collagen and elastin are produced in fewer quantities. The skin becomes thinner, drier, and less elastic, and wrinkles appear.
External factors exacerbate the situation. So, as a result of exposure to ultraviolet radiation, the structure of the skin changes, it becomes thinner and less elastic. Smoking slows down the regeneration of the epidermis and impairs blood circulation, which leads to malnutrition of cells. Air pollution triggers the appearance of age spots and wrinkles.
The good news is that a healthy lifestyle prolongs youth. Antioxidant-rich food, good sleep, and moderate physical activity will help you maintain your beauty for a long time. Proper skincare is essential. It includes protecting the epidermis from negative external factors, cleansing, nourishing and moisturizing, as well as stimulating natural renewal processes.
Prevention and Treatment of Anti Aging Skin Effects
It is believed that the skin begins to age as early as 28 years old. In practice, everything is individual: someone discovers signs of age earlier, and someone later – depending on genetic characteristics, health status, lifestyle, and the influence of external factors. In any case, there is no need to postpone self-care until the moment when the reflection in the mirror ceases to please.
Prevention is always more effective and more affordable than treatment, so it is worth taking care of the prolongation of youth in advance. The further, the more powerful means will have to be used, but to prevent aging, it is enough to carefully care for the skin and protect it from negative effects.
When choosing cosmetics, you need to focus not on the brand, but the recommendations of the cosmetologist, given after an in-person examination. All people are different, the aging process also proceeds in different ways, and an individual approach is needed to correct them. The doctor will determine the appropriate means, corresponding not to the calendar, but the biological age.
Key Features of Anti Aging Skin Care Products
Bellow are the key features of the good anti-aging skin products.
- Sparing Impact. It’s time to give up harsh scrubs and aggressive products that dry the skin. Mature skin is sensitive and does not recover well after traumatic procedures. It needs delicate, gentle care;
- A Must-Have for Skin Protection. The sun is the number one enemy of the skin. It is not for nothing that there is a special term “photo-aging” to denote the changes that occur to the skin under the influence of ultraviolet rays. As we age, it becomes more difficult for the skin to resist its effects. SPF creams will help skin with this. It is also necessary to protect the skin from the effects of free radicals;
- Intense Hydration. The immediate reason for the deterioration of tone and the appearance of wrinkles is a lack of moisture. Anti-aging care is based on deep hydration;
- Stimulates Collagen Production. In adulthood, collagen, which is responsible for the elasticity of the skin, is synthesized more slowly and is destroyed faster than in adolescence. This means that additional stimulation of the formation of its protein compounds is necessary, which is necessary to increase the turgor of the epidermis;
- Not Just A Cream. A thin layer of moisturizer may not be enough. Anti-age care also involves intensive skin nutrition, the use of exfoliants, masks, and serums. The need for professional treatments is also increasing every year;
- Regularity. Young skin will forgive its mistress for minor sins, such as cosmetics that are not washed off at night or irregular care. Adult women need to take care of their face, neck, decollate area constantly, day after day, year after year. Only in this case can you expect a noticeable effect.
You don’t need to complicate your skincare process, start small, with the right home care. If you have dermatological diseases, then you need to go for a consultation with a dermatologist. Since even high-quality home care will not be able to take you out of the acute process. First, treatment with cosmeceutical care, then just everything else.
Most Effective Anti-Aging Skin Treatment Method
Aesthetic medicine and cosmetology have not yet made the dream of eternal youth a reality, but they have made it possible to get much closer to its realization. Injection and hardware cosmetology procedures allow you to rejuvenate from the inside, naturally restore the skin.
However, it would be a mistake to think that it is enough to take a course in a cosmetology clinic once a year, and neglect care of the face and body the rest of the time. Professional care must be complemented by home care – permanent, daily. This approach allows you to achieve an optimal result and postpone old age for many years ahead.
To preserve youth, cosmetic procedures are highly desirable, and home anti-aging care is necessary. It is best to combine both.
Home Anti Aging Skin Care Products
And now it’s time to consider in detail what anti-age skincare should be. What stages does it consist of, what anti age skin care products should be used and how to use them correctly?
It should be emphasized once again that the age when it is worth starting to approach facial care from the point of view of rejuvenation is determined individually. It is difficult to independently assess the condition of your skin and detect changes in time, so it is better to consult with a cosmetologist to draw up an individual plan for preserving youth.
1. Cleansing Products
It is necessary to fight against age-related changes constantly, and even routine self-care products are better to choose with a rejuvenating effect. For the prevention of wilting, it is recommended to use the mild, delicate cleansers as possible. They should easily remove makeup, sebum, and impurities without drying out or injuring your skin.
First of all, you need to give up cosmetics containing soap, alcohol, and hard particles that scratch the skin. The composition should contain antioxidants, peptides, moisturizing components. Instead of gels, it is better to use gentle foams designed for dry, mature skin. They delicately cleanse the epidermis without decreasing the skin “to a creak” and without dehydrating it.
When choosing a cleanser, you should focus on the condition of the skin. If after washing you get a feeling of tightness, discomfort, you need to look for another option with a higher content of moisturizing components. The appearance of an oily skin also, oddly enough, indicates a lack of moisture. If irritation and redness occur, attention should be paid to hypoallergenic agents.
Even if the skin is prone to breakouts, you should not choose aggressive drying agents. It is better to give preference to cosmetics with anti-inflammatory effects.
Cleansing in the morning and evening are two completely different procedures. In the first case, you just need to remove the skin secretions and the remains of the night cream. Foam can easily cope with this task, and in some cases, it is enough to use only a tonic. In the evening, you also need to remove the remains of sunscreen, cosmetics, atmospheric pollution. In such a situation, lotions, creams, oils for makeup remover will come in handy. Additionally, 1-2 times a week it is worth using a pore cleansing mask.
You need to cleanse not only the face but also the neck with the decollate area. These areas are very susceptible to aging and therefore require careful attention.
2. Toning Products
This stage of leaving is underestimated by many and in vain. The use of a tonic restores the water and acid balance, prepares the face for applying the cream, and protects it from aggressive effects. In addition, residual impurities that could not be dealt with by the cleansing lotion or foam are removed.
The toner is selected according to the type of skin and is used after washing (or another cleansing) in the morning and evening. In both cases, you can use the same suitable tool.
The tonic should not contain alcohol – even in minimal quantities. But anti-inflammatory and antibacterial supplements will not be superfluous, especially if the skin is problematic. For owners of sensitive skin, products without fragrances and dyes are recommended.
3. Moisturizing Products
Perhaps the most important thing in anti-aging care is hydration. Mature skin always needs moisture and, accordingly, hydrating agents and professional procedures.
The list of ingredients for skin hydration is headed by hyaluronic acid. Its unique feature is that one “hyaluronic” molecule can attract and bind up to 1000 water molecules. Although the body can naturally produce hyaluronic acid, sooner or later this is not enough, and the skin needs additional receipt of the substance from the outside.
The most effective from this point of view is injection procedures that allow you to deliver a valuable ingredient directly to the deep layers of the dermis, however, cosmetics with hyaluronic acid should not be neglected. They saturate the epidermis with moisture, stimulate cell renewal and collagen synthesis, and restore softness and elasticity to the skin.
The hyaluronic acid molecule has an impressive size and cannot overcome the epidermal barrier to get into the deep layers of the skin, so injections have been and remain the most effective way of using it. However, scientists have learned to process the molecule to better penetrate the dermis. Thanks to these developments, the effectiveness of modern external hyaluronic acid products has increased significantly.
Another well-known hydratant is urea. Do not be afraid of the unappetizing name: the substance effectively saturates the skin with moisture, while simultaneously stimulating cell renewal. These products work well for dry, dehydrated, and rough skin. Low-urea creams are sufficient to maintain hydration and improve complexion. More concentrated products are used to smooth rough, rough calluses on the feet.
Glycerin is another popular ingredient. Due to its hygroscopicity, it attracts and binds water molecules like hyaluronic acid. From the point of view of moisturizing properties, trihydric alcohol (glycerin) is inferior to “hyaluronic”, but it has smaller molecules that easily penetrate the skin. This ingredient is found in most budget anti-age moisturizers. At the same time, concentrated glycerin can have the opposite effect, drawing moisture from the epidermis, which is why most manufacturers combine trihydric alcohol with other skin moisturizers.
I draw your attention to the fact that we choose anti aging products with urea in cases of hyperkeratosis, for example, with coarse skin, with psoriasis, with ichthyosis. For example, the Cerave SA range of products. Urea helps exfoliate scales, while other ingredients in the products moisturize and nourish.
Best Anti Aging Food
Unlike other organs, the skin can receive nutrition not only in the traditional way – through the blood but also by absorbing substances that are applied to its surface. This is not only moisture but also all kinds of vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and lipids. They compensate for the deficiency of nutrients in the skin, improve the structure of the epidermis, saturate it with useful ingredients and strengthen the protective lipid layer.
If earlier cosmetic products were confidently divided into moisturizing and nourishing, now this line has disappeared: the same cream can saturate the skin with moisture and nutrients. As a rule, modern creams, serums, and masks combine both types of action.
To nourish the skin, first of all, fats and fat-soluble substances are needed. Do not underestimate their importance in maintaining youthfulness. With age, the skin needs more lipids. Even those girls who, in their youth, complained of excessive sebum secretion, over the years, note that skin also becomes drier. The fatty film on the skin surface becomes thinner and can no longer protect the epidermis from negative environmental influences.
Lipid deficiency leads to:
- Increasing sensitivity;
- Slowing down the exfoliation of dead cells;
- Decrease in moisture levels;
- Premature wilting.
The use of nutrients restores the lipid layer. At the same time, the skin is saturated with fat-soluble substances – for example, vitamins. They increase the protective properties of the epidermis and improve its structure.
It is believed that the skin absorbs nutrients best at night, therefore it is recommended to apply nutrients in the evening, or at night.
Our skin is covered with a hydro-lipid mantle, this is a very important structure that provides our skin with normal vital functions. If its integrity is violated, the skin becomes fragile, dry, dehydrated, it does not resist aggressive environmental factors, the balance of the microflora of the skin is disturbed. We become defenseless and lose our resistance to various skin diseases.
Skin Care Products to Protect from Aging Process
The skin protects the internal organs from negative environmental influences. It comes into contact with polluted air, ultraviolet radiation, corrosive substances, low or high temperatures. This effect does not pass without a trace: the skin condition worsens. To avoid premature aging, care should be taken to protect the skin throughout the life.
First of all, it is necessary to protect the skin from exposure to sunlight. And you need to do this every time, going out into the street during the daytime, and not just when gathering to the beach. The cream is applied for 20-30 minutes before leaving in a generous layer, if necessary, it must be renewed. In addition, it is necessary to select such products following your skin type: the whiter the skin, the greater the protection factor should be. If you do not follow these guidelines, using sunscreen lotion will not provide the expected benefits.
How Do Sunscreen Work?
Sunscreen is a cosmetic for protection from ultraviolet solar radiation. The literal translation of sunscreen – “protective screen from the sun”.
The sunscreens contain a combination of physical and chemical filters. The former layer reflects or absorb the sun’s rays, preventing them from affecting the epidermis. This is how the sunscreen works and protect your skin. Chemical filters react with ultraviolet radiation, thereby protecting the skin from it. Both types of sunscreen filters are required for an effective protection.
Sunscreen cosmetics protect the skin not only from burns but also from aging. Long-wave radiation (UVA) penetrates the deep layers of the skin and destroys cells. Such rays damage the epidermis even in cloudy weather, so it is recommended to use SPF products all year round.
Daily use of protective sunscreens will protect against photoaging of the skin – pigmentation, flabbiness, wrinkles, dehydration. But you need to choose the such products carefully. The best option would be pharmacy cosmeceuticals.
Quality day creams usually contain sunscreen. If you have to combine moisturizers with Sunscreen, then first a hydrating cream is applied to the face and neck, and after it is completely absorbed, a protective one.
UV Radiation is not the Only Factor in Skin Aging.
To prolong youth, it is also necessary to protect the epidermis from the effects of free radicals – molecules that damage cells and destroy collagen. For this, antioxidants are used to neutralize the action of “aggressors”.
They can be:
- Vitamins A, C, P, and E;
- Alpha-lipoic acid;
- Amino acids;
- Coenzyme Q10;
These components can be contained in the cream in various combinations. Antioxidants are a recognized anti-aging agent, so it is recommended to start using creams containing these ingredients even before the first signs of age-related changes appear.
It is important to know that various antioxidants work only in certain combinations, and their absorption occurs strictly according to the needs of the body. Cosmeceutical products are already presented in the right combinations. It is important to decide on your skin type and your needs, a dermatologist or a cosmetologist can help you with this.
Special Care Anti Aging Products
In addition to routine skincare, special-purpose procedures are also required. This category includes both anti-aging courses in cosmetology clinics and the use of masks and peels at home.
Mature skin is much stronger than young skin needs to exfoliate dead cells, as natural renewal processes slow down with age. Therefore, peels, which girls use only sporadically in their youth, turn into a necessity for adult women. Delicate exfoliators should be used 2-3 times a week.
It is important to use products designed for mature skin. They should be gentle, free from scratching particles and irritating ingredients.
Speaking of skincare, it is impossible not to mention masks. They usually contain the same ingredients as creams, but in a higher concentration, so masks are designed for intensive care. They can be used regularly, gradually improving the condition of the skin, or as express care, if you need to put your face in order before an event.
Masks can be produced in the form of a cream, gel, powder for self-dilution, and a ready-made piece of cloth soaked in medicinal compounds. The latter variety is most often used to urgently refresh the skin.
The purpose of the masks can also be different. For mature skin, nourishing, moisturizing, toning, tightening, and brightening products are best. The choice of a specific mask is best done in conjunction with a cosmetologist.
Pay attention to Alginate masks, they are sold for home use, and there are also professional ones. They have unique properties and are ideal for all skin types. Their medicinal properties are because they are made from brown algae. They have a super pronounced lymphatic drainage effect and are powerful anti-aging prophylaxis.
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How to Choose Anti Aging Skin Care Products for Your Skin?
A basic understanding of the ingredients useful in rejuvenation will help you choose your personal anti aging skin care products.
1. Day Creams & Serums to Prolong Youth
The main tasks of a day cream is to moisturize and protect the skin. Hyaluronic acid and other hydrating components help to achieve the first goal. Also, a day cream should improve the quality of the skin, make it more resistant to the negative effects of free radicals – ‘aggressive molecules that provoke aging’. For this, antioxidants are used, such as vitamins C and E.
Vitamin C is generally called the vitamin of youth, and this is no coincidence: ascorbic acid stimulates the production of collagen by fibrocytes and destroys melanin, eliminating unnecessary pigmentation.
When choosing a cream, you should give preference to the so-called cosmeceuticals (cosmetics that are sold in pharmacies). Such varieties differ from mass creams by a high content of active substances and accordingly, more efficiency. A good example is La Roche Posay.
REDERMIC C cream works in two directions at once – it hydrates, softens the skin thanks to hyaluronic acid and strengthens the protective function, fights free radicals thanks to vitamin C. It is a good remedy for the prevention of such signs of aging as dull complexion, wrinkles, and loss of firmness. And the best results can be achieved by combining the use of the cream with cosmetic procedures, for example, mesotherapy and bio revitalization.
If the signs of photoaging are quite pronounced, then moisturizers with retinol come to the rescue. They even out the shade and relief, stimulate the renewal of epidermal cells, and help to strengthen the protective barrier.
For example, the use of REDERMIC R serum from La Roche Posay allows a 30% reduction in the number of wrinkles around the lips and 22% around the eyes in two months. The tone is evened out by 40%, the pigmentation is reduced by 24%. Thanks to this action, the serum is successfully used for the prevention and treatment of photoaging. It also allows you to preserve the effect of beauty procedures in the clinic for a long time.
2. Anti-Age Night Creams & Serums
The night is the best time to nourish your skin. Although modern night creams do not necessarily have a heavy, oily texture, they always contain lipids and fat-soluble substances. These can be fatty acids, shea butter or wheat germ, cholesterol, and other ingredients. It also contains moisturizing ingredients.
The task of such night cream is to restore the skin, as well as to stimulate the production of substances necessary to improve its structure – hyaluronic acid, collagen, elastin.
When nourishing the skin, it is important not to overdo it – not to overload it with lipids. Such an effect is possible with the wrong selection of the night cream: the skin acquires an oily sheen, the pores become clogged, comedones and rashes appear. Such phenomena indicate that the night cream is poorly selected or used incorrectly.
It is important to remember that thick, oily products are intended primarily for dehydrated, rough, flaky skin. In other cases, it is better to choose lighter, melting textures. In addition, the cream should be appropriate for skin type and age: for anti-aging care, it is better to use cosmetics marked anti-age.
As for the use, the main mistake here is too abundant application. The night cream should be applied in a thin layer to slightly damp skin after toning. After 15 minutes, you can blot the excess, not absorbed into the epidermis, with a napkin.
Do not forget that the anti aging skin care products should be applied not only to the face but also to the neck with the decollate area.
Modern quality creams bought from the pharmacy eliminate the need to use a tonic. It is important to choose your night cream and apply it half an hour before bed. Subtly, avoiding eye contact. Light patting movements.
The Special Anti Aging Skin Care Products
When choosing “special purpose” tools, you should pay attention to the following parameters:
- Active substances in the composition;
- Their concentration;
- Potential allergens and irritants.
As with the choice of creams, it is advisable to give preference to serums and masks with antioxidants, moisturizing and nourishing ingredients. But the presence of SPF is no longer necessary – the day cream will take care of the sun protection.
The composition of anti-aging serums can contain retinol, vitamin C, ceramides, peptides, collagen, acids. Masks also often contain a variety of oils that soften the top layer of the epidermis. Modern, effective peels rarely do without the addition of acids.
In addition to masks and peels, you should get anti-aging serums. These are very concentrated products, and just a couple of drops are enough for transformation. As a rule, serums are non-greasy, they are instantly absorbed and visibly rejuvenate the skin. It is not surprising: after all, they contain shock doses of vitamins, amino acids, trace elements, peptides, and other substances that moisturize, nourish, brighten and tone the skin.
When choosing such products, it is worth focusing not so much on the type of skin, but on what tasks need to be solved.
- If there is pigmentation – serums come to the rescue. Does the oval of the face “float”? So, it is worth choosing the option with a lifting effect.
- If there is increased dryness of the epidermis – the problem will be solved faster, in addition to the usual cream, you can use a serum with hyaluronic acid.
Serums can be applied on their own or 20-30 minutes before applying the base cream.
Pay attention to the serums presented in the pharmacy, they are as hypoallergenic as possible. For example, VICHY mineral 89, VICHY Liftactiv Specialist, LA ROCHE-POSEY HYALU B5, LA ROCHE-POSEY TOLERIANE ULTRA DERMALLERGO, and others.
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Choosing anti-aging cosmetics, yourself is not as easy as it might seem. The ideal option is to entrust this choice to a cosmetologist. An experienced doctor can easily identify weak points that need to be given maximum attention and will help you choose the right anti aging skin care products.
It is much more difficult to detect signs of aging on our own: we get used to our appearance and cannot track changes in time. The result is the wrong selection of anti-aging products, and, accordingly, ineffective prevention and treatment of skin aging. So, it is better to spend an hour consulting a doctor to immediately pick up exactly those products that your skin needs.
And, of course, the best addition to routine home care will be professional cosmetic procedures in the clinic. We will talk about them next time.