In this article I am going to tell you about top 5 hair problems and their solutions. The condition of the hair depends on the balance of nutrition, resistance to stress, and the cosmetic products used. Each problem with hair requires an individual approach, as well as a set of measures – medical and cosmetic.
Problem 1. Hair Loss
Hair loss can be both physiological and pathological. The first is considered the normal and occurs for natural reasons, when the life cycle of the hairs ends. Hair loss becomes a problem when bald patches appear on the head. Should alert the rapid thinning of hair, leading to partial or complete baldness – alopecia. According to statistics, men over 35 are more likely to experience excessive hair loss.
Baldness treatment directly depends on the causes that cause it. If thinning is associated with a lack of nutrients resulting from an unbalanced diet, stress, diseases of the endocrine or digestive system, the intake of special vitamin and mineral complexes will help. In addition to drugs, a trichologist, as a rule, prescribes physiotherapeutic procedures that improve blood circulation: galvanotherapy, electrophoresis, darsonvalization, vacuum massage, cryotherapy.
Therapy for androgenetic alopecia consists in taking medications based on minaxidil and finasteride, dietary supplements, multivitamins. At the same time, medicinal cosmetics (shampoos, sprays, masks) with nicotinic acid and aminexin are used. Plasmolifting and misotherapy are the most effective cosmetic procedures. In the form of subcutaneous injections, vitamins and minerals, dihydrotestosterone blockers, glucocorticoids are prescribed.
Problem 2. Dry Hair
Dull, uneven color, frizz, excessive stiffness, split ends are all signs of dry hair. Often, not only the hairs, but also the scalp suffer from a lack of moisture. Dehydration is accompanied by itching and tightness. Small, easily crumbling dandruff appears on the head. Dry hair, as a rule, occurs due to the abuse of sunbathing, perm, drying with a hot hairdryer.
The following procedures help with dehydration:
• wraps with argan, almond, sea buckthorn oil;
• shielding or keratinizing hair;
• applying moisturizing masks;
• the use of medical cosmetics with oils, silk proteins, amino acids, keratin;
• electroporation, mesotherapy with hyaluronic acid;
• ozone therapy and plasma lifting.
Problem 3. Oily Hair
Excessive activity of the sebaceous glands, leading to oily hair, can be both an individual feature of the body and a consequence of hormonal disruptions and stress. Frequent washing of hair with hot water, improper selection of shampoos and balms, abuse of oil wraps leads to increased sebum secretion. In some cases, oily dandruff appears on the scalp. These are large yellowish or grayish scales that do not crumble, but stick to the hair.
How to properly care for oily hair?
• Wash your hair as it gets dirty with lukewarm water.
• Use shampoos with extracts of nettle, sage, calendula, oak bark.
• After washing, rinse hair with acidified water or herbal decoction.
• Use cosmetics based on extracts of wormwood, horsetail, sage, coltsfoot, rosemary, St. John’s wort, plantain.
• Once a week, peel the scalp with sea salt or special products.
• After exfoliation, apply masks with acids (fruit, salicylic), clay, kefir.
• Do not use cosmetics with oils, silicones.
Problem 4. Hair After Dyeing
Problems with the structure of the hair, as a rule, arise from improper dyeing, abuse of ammonia dyes. In addition, the frequent use of a hair dryer and an iron, prolonged exposure to the sun without a headdress, and washing with hard water help to worsen the condition of the hair. To restore curls at home, use masks with vegetable and essential oils, yolk, honey. An alternative to homemade remedies can be store-bought cosmetic products of the regenerating series.
For quick hair recovery, they resort to such salon procedures as lamination, glazing, cauterization, keratinization. A deep recovery is achieved by a course of mesotherapy, during which extracts of medicinal plants, trace elements, peptides, and vitamins are injected under the scalp. All these components stimulate blood circulation and help healthy hair growth. In cosmetology clinics, curls affected by staining are restored using reflexotherapy, darsonvalization, ozone therapy, and plasma lifting.
Problem 5. Split Hair Ends
Slicing is one of the signs of dry hair. The problem of split ends is often faced by owners of long hair. As it grows, it is in the lower part of the hair that there is a lack of sebum, which protects the curls from moisture evaporation. Lamination or shielding can quickly solve the problem of split ends. During the procedures, a special composition is applied to the hair, which temporarily glues the split hairs together.
A radical measure to improve hair health is a hygienic haircut followed by a set of restorative measures. The same procedures are suitable as for excessive dry curls. It is recommended to treat the lower third of the hair with cosmetic oils, moisturizing compositions twice a week.
So, deteriorating hair can be a sign of a malfunction in the body. Without eliminating the causes of increased dryness or oily scalp, baldness, it is impossible to restore hair health. A full-fledged therapy involves taking medications, using medical cosmetics prescribed by a trichologist. Cosmetology procedures also come to the rescue. Temporarily solving the problem of damaged hair can be lamination, shielding, keratinization.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. How to properly care for oily scalp?
Answer: The hairy part of the head in healthy people is most often oily, that is, it belongs to the seborrheic zone. And proper care in this case consists, first of all, in a good cleansing of the scalp from excess sebaceous secretion. At the moment, it has been proven that seborrhea is one of the causes of inflammatory diseases of the scalp, dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, which, in turn, can provoke hair loss. Hence here are the basic rules to properly care of oily scalp:
• the head is washed as it gets dirty, even daily washing is not excluded;
• shampoos are used for oily hair; they are correctly called antiseborrheic;
• the head should be washed not with hot or cold water, thoroughly, fixing the shampoo for 1-2 minutes, apply the shampoo 2 times;
• thoroughly rinse the occipital area, where the imbalance of the fungal flora is most often observed, and itching is most often worried;
• the optimal time for washing your hair is in the morning, you should not wash your hair at night (peak secretion of fat is 5-6 am);
• Once a week, it is advisable to use peels, scrubs and pre-shampoos for deep cleansing of the skin;
• after washing with antiseborrheic shampoos, a conditioner / mask / balm is used to neutralize the alkaline reaction left by the shampoo;
• if the scalp is very greasy (the hair looks dirty by the evening), it is advisable to choose an antiseborrheic lotion / tonic that will have a drying and antimicrobial effect, and apply it in the morning after shampooing.
Q2: Is it true that oily scalp often lacks hydration? This leads to increased work of the sebaceous glands and, as a result, stale hair. Does it make sense in this case to use additional moisturizers in the form of tonics, silicone-free masks, elixirs?
Answer: For oily scalp care, no additional moisturizers are required. On the contrary, you should choose products with the best cleansing ability. Be sure to use peelings, sebum-regulating tonics and antiseborrheic shampoos. When using scalp cleansers, keep the hair structure in mind. Masks based on keratin and oils are suitable for the hair structure along the length, only they should be applied 5-10 cm away from the scalp.
Q3: If there are sebaceous plugs – how often should you peel the scalp? Is it possible to get rid of them completely, or if the scalp is oily – will they periodically appear?
Answer: Sebaceous plugs in the area of hair follicles occur due to improper daily home care and inappropriate hair cosmetics. Peels help to cope with the symptoms of seborrhea and are a preventive procedure to maintain the normal condition of the scalp. It is recommended to do home peels 1-2 times a week. From a prophylactic point of view, professional peeling in combination with ultrasonic cleaning of the scalp can be done once every 3 months.
Q4: Hair loss – is there a rate of hair loss? Or is it a myth?
Answer: There is an average rate of hair loss. It is believed to be 100 hairs per day. This norm will be correct for a person with 100 thousand hairs on his head, who has 10% of hairs in the stage of loss and an average duration of the growth stage of 3-4 years, who will be able to collect all of his lost hair. There are too many assumptions in this norm, depending on gender, age, lifestyle, frequency of washing, and genetic characteristics. Each person has his own individual rate – it can be 20 hairs per day, and 150. Therefore, it is not worth counting how much hair per day falls out normally, this process only leads to psychological problems, to the formation of a fear of hair loss, as well as misinterpretation the severity of the loss. Currently, there is an objective method for calculating the intensity of loss – phototrichogram, it helps to assess whether the percent of dead hair on the head is increased or not. Therefore, if it seems to the patient that he has been experiencing hair loss within 2-3 months, this is a reason to consult a trichologist.
Q5: How much hair should fall out when shampooing? Everywhere there is a figure of 80-100 hairs per day. But this is probably a lot? And what is considered the norm when washing and after? Example: if a lot (70-100) drops out precisely during washing and during drying, when washing your hair every other day – is this figure normal?
Answer: Normally, 70-100 hairs per day should fall out, that is, this is in 24 hours, and not just shampooing. This figure includes brushing, blow-drying, washing, etc. In everyday life, this cannot be tracked in practice. If, when washing your hair, you begin to notice that the hair has become larger, then it is better to undergo a phototrichogram study. This study will determine in percentage how much increased hair loss.
Q6: Should I use shampoos with silicones in the composition? Do they harm the scalp?
Answer: The harm of silicones to hair is currently exaggerated. Silicones are a modern and high-tech class of substances that do not harm the hair structure and scalp. On the contrary, the addition of silicones to the shampoo composition leads to an improvement in the aesthetic appearance of the hair – silicones create a thin film on the surface of the bar, reducing electrostatic stress, trauma to the hair when combing, and imparting shine. The only situation when you should not use shampoos with silicones is with oily scalp, seborrhea, and a tendency to dandruff.
Q7: Sulfate shampoos – harm or necessity for our hair and scalp?
Answer: Sulfate shampoos provide the necessary cleansing of the scalp and allow hair to look clean and fresh for a long time. A large number of sebaceous glands are concentrated on the scalp; therefore, it belongs to the oily type. To remove this greasy secret, you should use products that contain sulfates in their composition. One of the criteria that sulfate shampoos are needed is itching and flaking of the scalp.
Q8: If the scalp is sensitive, prone to peeling and various rashes in the form of small pimples – which shampoo is better to use (dermatological from a pharmacy, organic, professional, or a regular shampoo from a store is suitable)?
Answer: If there are peeling, rashes in the form of separate pimples, crusts and itching on the scalp, then this is a signal of incorrectly selected cleansing. You should pay attention to your shampoo. After all, it is selected according to the type of scalp, and peeling and rashes are a sure sign of an oily scalp. You should also add the use of peels for the scalp once a week and the daily use of sebum-regulating tonics.
Q9: How to choose the right shampoo (by scalp or hair type)?
Answer: Shampoo should always be chosen according to the type of scalp. For example, baby shampoos are gentler and do not contain sulfates, therefore they are suitable only for children, since they have less activity of the sebaceous glands of the scalp. And at the age of 18-50, you should pay attention to shampoos with the best cleansing qualities.
Q10: I can’t grow it long – my hair breaks off. Is there a genetically determined length or is it a myth and is it all about improper care?
Answer: The period when hair grows is called anagen. This phase is individual for each person. Someone can grow hair “to heels”, while someone has a maximum length just below the shoulder blades. But, if you have worn your hair all your life long, and recently noticed that it has begun to grow slower, then this is an occasion to consult a trichologist to identify the cause and eliminate it.
Q11: I regularly make warming masks for hair growth, but their growth still does not exceed 1 cm per month. What could be the reason?
Answer: The reason may be that this is your normal hair growth rate. It is believed that the rate of hair growth per day is 0.3-0.5 mm, hence the hair grows to a length of 0.9-1.5 cm per month. If you want to try to accelerate their growth, then you need to use funds with stimulating properties. Unfortunately, despite the prevailing opinion, the improvement of blood flow in the scalp does not lead to stimulation of hair growth, in this case, lotions with pyrimidines, including aminexil, adenosine, and caffeine, should be used.
Q12: In the area of the temples, most of the hair does not grow to the total mass so that it can be collected in a common tail. The care changed over the years, the hair was able to grow already of a decent and unusual length for me, and in the area of the temples everything was sticking out on the sides and sticking out. What can this be connected with and is it possible to somehow fix it, extend the life of these hairs so that they can add density to the tail?
Answer: Hair that is shorter in length is usually in the hairline and differs in length from the rest of the scalp. This is a normal process and is genetically determined. But if this problem has begun to bother recently, then it is likely that the growth phase has shortened and you should consult a doctor, in which case growth stimulants are prescribed that will help keep the hair and grow it in length.
Q13: Is it true that herbs such as henna, cassia, ziziphus, basma, etc. so good for the hair and scalp?
Answer: Unlike common chemical dyes, natural dyes like henna, basma and others do not harm the hair structure, but it cannot be said that such dyeing will be useful. Natural dyes do not contain oxide; therefore, they work on the surface of the hair, envelop and color the cuticle and do not penetrate into its cortex. As for the positive effect of henna on the scalp, in some cases henna helps get rid of dandruff and reduces greasiness. Henna has a mild anti-inflammatory and drying effect, so it can be useful for mild cases of seborrheic dermatitis.
Q14: Should you apply homemade oils to your scalp?
Answer: The scalp belongs to the areas with high sebum secretion, i.e. is greasy. A number of oils applied can affect the composition of sebum, change its properties (they have comedogenic properties), besides this oil, being a breeding ground for microbes, can provoke an imbalance of fungi on the scalp.
Hence – the aggravation of the phenomena of seborrheic dermatitis, the appearance of itching, dandruff, and inflammatory elements.
Trichologists recommend applying oils along the length of the hair, stepping back from the roots, in this case they will be useful for the hair structure.
Q15: How many hairs should grow from one follicle, can only 2 hairs grow, instead of 3-5, as many write?
Answer: There are various units in the scalp area, i.e. hair follicles with a certain amount of hair. The main concern of the trichologist is single units. Normally, a person has 2-4 hairs in one unit. Units consisting of 2 hairs, if they make up an insignificant part of the total mass, do not cause concern.
Q16: Does the follicle always function, or can it die off? If hairs have fallen out of it, can growth begin with stimulation, or does a follicle that has lost all hairs die?
Answer: If thinning occurs and the number of hairs decreases, then the process of fibrosis (scarring) of the hair follicle occurs. Indeed, the longer hair does not grow from the hair follicle, the more likely it is to overgrow. But, with early diagnosis and timely treatment, new hair growth can be obtained from an empty hair follicle.
Q17: I am growing blond. Should it be toned (fill the hair with pigment) so that dyed hair breaks off less?
Answer: Unfortunately, toning hair does not improve its structure. When dyeing with persistent dyes, during lightening, irreversible damage to the cortical layer of the hair occurs – these dyes penetrate deep enough into the structure of the rod, leading to the destruction of chemical bonds and disrupting the structure of the keratin protein. Tinting dyes work on the surface of the hair, do not penetrate deep into the cortical layer and do not restore chemical bonds in the protein. The focus is on leave-in hair restoration products with amino acids, keratin hydrolyzate and other proteins.
Q18: Heat protection for hair – can this product really protect hair from high temperatures? If so, what exactly should be included in such a product?
Answer: Heat protectants protect hair from high temperatures when using straighteners, curling irons and hair dryers. Hair consists of keratin scales, which, with frequent use of styling devices, are injured, rise and moisture evaporates. Therefore, after drying, straightening and curling, the hair appears dry and lifeless. Heat protection sprays create a protective film on the hair surface and provide a barrier (thanks to, for example, silicone). Thanks to such a film, the hair begins to shine and becomes denser, and plant proteins (silk, wheat) also contribute to this.
Q19: I would like to know in what, approximately, percentage of the care should be nutrition, hydration and recovery?
Answer: As a rule, modern drug manufacturers initially include several properties in their funds and nutrition, and moisturizing, recovery. The choice of a product depends on the degree of porosity of the hair, as a rule, the more porous the hair, the more intensively the composition is selected and vice versa. To care for the hair shaft, you can choose a moisturizing mask 2 times a week, and the rest of the time you can use leave-in serums based on keratin or ciramides.
Q20: What is the cause of hair root pain? It can arise both from wearing a tail (not tight) and from loose hair. I don’t understand the relationship, where does it start from. While I was on maternity leave, the pain practically did not bother me, I immediately went to work and it resumed again. This suggests that all this is of a neurological (psychological) nature. What to do, should I see a doctor?
Answer: Soreness of the scalp, or trichodynia, is currently a widespread problem. Trichodinia is associated with 2 factors – with inflammation against the background of greasiness, seborrhea, and psycho-emotional overstrain, chronic stress. First of all, you need to intensify the cleansing of the scalp – it is recommended to wash your head every other day using anti-seborrheic shampoos, 2 times a week – peeling scrubs for the scalp.
An excess of sebaceous secretion can lead to the appearance of sebaceous-horny plugs, which stretch the mouth of the hair follicles, causing inflammation, and lead to soreness of the scalp. You should also add to the care the use of lotions with cayenne pepper extract, which has an analgesic effect. In addition, analyze your lifestyle – add anti-stress techniques (physical activity, massage).
Physiotherapy will also be useful – treatment with microcurrents, low-intensity light, laser therapy of the scalp. If these techniques are ineffective, it may be necessary to prescribe medications by a neurologist or injections of botulinum toxin.