Today’s topic is – how to determine hair type and choose the right care according to that. At first glance, hair care is simpler than skincare: hair should be washed at a comfortable frequency, do not forget about massage and scalp, if desired, use masks and conditioners. Many admit that they do not see the difference between shampoos, and the appearance and condition of curls can be improved if you build care for them following the type of hair. We will tell you how to determine your type and choose the right products.
How to Determine Hair Type?
Hair, like skin, can have many individual characteristics: straight hair does not have to be thin, and curly hair does not have to be thick. Nevertheless, the universal parameters that should be guided by are easy to determine: the density, texture, and porosity can be established with a few simple experiments at home. At the end, hair can be classified into one of four types, within which sub-types are distinguished – and each of them requires special care.
A popular indicator of hair type is oiliness, which refers to the characteristics of the scalp. And with oily scalp, hair can be dry or dehydrated: start with proper scalp care, and further beauty routine should be regulated, paying attention to the behavior of the main length.
To understand how thick your hair is, separate one strand and look at the roots: it is more convenient to do this operation with a strand at the very parting. If there are not too many hairs per square centimeter so that the skin is visible – the density of the hair is low or medium, and if the gaps are barely noticeable, then the hair is thick.
For very thick hair, the rates of normal hair loss will be higher – simply because they change more often, and the “hair loss” is more noticeable. Also, hair density may vary in different areas of the scalp.
To determine the texture and porosity, you should wash your hair using regular shampoo and conditioner, and then let it dry without using a hairdryer: during the styling process, the hair structure may change slightly, which will affect the purity of the experiment.
To determine the thickness of a hair, the easiest way to compare it to regular sewing thread is by placing one hair next to it on a piece of white paper. There will be a noticeable difference in diameter between fine hair and strand.
Thick hair is distinguished by noticeable stiffness, holds its shape better, and maybe noticeably larger in diameter than the thread. It is also important to know what the porosity of your hair is to select the right products. Determine it by dropping one dry hair into a voluminous bowl: hair with low porosity will remain on the surface of the water, and the higher the porosity, the faster it will sink.
To understand how elastic your hair is, take one hair by both ends and stretch it in different directions: brittle hair is easily torn simply by the force of impact, and elastic hair will stretch to the last. To make sure, do this experiment on both wet and dry hair – any hair becomes more brittle with moisture.
Another characteristic to look at when choosing the right combs, styling products, and grooming methods is the curl pattern. Look at the naturally dried strand: the first type of straight hair does not frizz or change its shape, the second type is docile S-shaped waves, the third is distinctly curly coarse hair, and the fourth is the zigzag “springs” found in people of African descent.
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First Type: Straight Hair
Just like curly hair, straight hair is divided into types A, B, and C: the first includes the thinnest and softest hair, type 1B will also be perfectly straight, but it is more dense, and 1C is again straight, but thick and coarse hair, well amenable to styling. Straight hair, as a rule, has low porosity: it is reluctant to dye, but it is much more difficult to dry it out.
At your service are most of the funds that are issued in mass and available brands: you can remove frizz with almost any spray or smoothing cream; dry shampoo or special foam will help to add volume.
For the people with straight hair, it is much more convenient to use scalp scrubs. Exfoliating particles are easier to distribute over the skin and wash out of the hair, and using such a tool is enough two to three times a month. Otherwise, you should focus on lightweight care: sulfate-free shampoos, almost any conditioner will do.
Hair drying and hot styling can be easily tolerated by straight hair – nevertheless, it is always better to opt for cold air and thermal protection. If your hair is category 1A, most likely your hair will not hold lush styling or carefully curled curls for a long time, but various weaves and neat, like in Instagram, tails are available to you without restrictions. Straight hair is also loved by trendy texturizing sprays, especially type 1B.
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Second Type: Docile S-Shaped or Wavy Hair
Another common type is docile S-shaped waves, when naturally dried, falls in light waves, but is easily straightened with hot styling. They are also classified into subtypes A, B, and C in terms of density, thickness, and porosity.
This hair type is noticeably dense, but it can be fluffy and prone to tangling. Medium to high porosity: mild sulfate-free shampoo is better to add in the shelf, and dryness prevention should be arranged with masks and conditioners.
Type 2A wavy hair that is not too thick can be styled with a hairdryer, using curl-forming products, but it is better to postpone strong fixation – such products can “weigh down” the styling.
However, straightening them is also quite easy. Thicker and noticeably curly type 2B hair is best dried naturally, without getting carried away with a thorough combing. Oil care is suitable for them: it can be used as a mask before shampooing, or after – as a means of disciplining, choosing a suitable jar for this purpose.
However, type 2C hair is already almost curly and often dry. They will not require dancing with a tambourine, but it will be useful to introduce a deep moisturizing conditioner into the care.
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Third Type: Curly Coarse Hair
If your scalp has springy curls, the hair is the third type – but it can also be lighter and heavier, lighter and darker. Curly bloggers will help you navigate in the sea of cans, you should listen to their advice if you want to properly build your beauty routine.
It is better to put off the hairdryer and tongs: firstly, hot styling will be a guaranteed path to dryness, and secondly, most likely it will be simply useless. In an average hairdressing salon, it is better to immediately explain why your hair should not be wet before cutting: the correct shape can be determined by working only with dry curls, and techniques for straight and wavy hair simply will not work correctly.
To keep your hair looking good, moisturize it with a special conditioner, and alternate shampoo with a co-wash. Curly hair type 3A is best left alone after washing and moisturizing, for thicker and fluffier 3B and 3C you can use a leave-in conditioner that will help curls to form and lie beautifully.
Very thick and porous hair is best cleaned with a co-shampoo conditioner, using shampoo as little as possible. It is better to forget about the comb: manipulation with conditioners will help to achieve the desired smoothness, and it is better to shape the hairstyle with your fingers.
Fourth Type: Zigzag or Springs
The very natural hair that women of African descent are fighting for are elastic, dense curls, naturally dry, not at all amenable to standard hairdressing procedures and styling. In our country, they do not know how to handle them at all, and they are looking for suitable care products with great difficulty. But if you take matters into your own hands, hair-friendly rituals can be performed in home conditions.
Fine type 4A curls will require the same kit as any curls: mild shampoo, and moisturizing conditioner. To give your curls a nice shape, you can dry them with a hairdryer with a diffuser – again using only cold air.
Type 4B tight zigzag curls can be further disciplined with oil or spray, light jellies, and other curl finishes. Thick and dense curls of the 4C type do not lend themselves to almost any modification: perky sticking out in different directions is their natural position. Such hair should also be carefully and regularly moisturized, and the hairstyle should be given a neat shape, again in consultation with a master who is not afraid to tackle natural curls.
What is your hair type please comment bellow and I’ll send you my e-book to care your hair type absolutely free.