In this article, we’ll discuss “how to repair damaged hair and some effective remedies for it”. Hair is a modified skin and is built from keratinized dead cells that are tightly linked to one another. The hair shaft grows from the bulb and the sebaceous gland is located there, which produces a fatty lubricant that covers the hair. The farther from the follicle, the less this lubricant, and therefore, the higher the loss of fluid. This is a physiological process, and without third-party negative influences, even at a significant distance from the scalp, the hair will still not be severely damaged. But when exposed to any additional factors, drying out and the formation of split ends will begin very quickly.
Therefore, before talking about how to quickly restore very dry and severely damaged hair at home, we need to understand exactly what reasons can cause such violations.
What Causes Hair Damage?
The mechanism of hair damage is almost always the same – detachment of the cuticle, that is, the upper protective layer covering the inner shaft. This shaft is the basis for the flexibility, strength and integrity of the entire hair. And in order to perform its tasks, it must contain a certain amount of water.
As we remember, hair is dead cells, which means that the rod can receive this moisture only during the growth process, even in the bulb. Further, he simply preserves it, which is facilitated by a dense cuticle shell and grease. The cells that make up the cuticle are arranged like the scales of an immature pine cone, tightly adjacent to each other. When there is a deficiency of the fatty secretion, these “scales” are separated, rise up and, in the end, fall off, exposing the hair shaft and allowing moisture to evaporate unhindered.
The reasons why the rate of cuticle damage increases is quite diverse:
1. Vitamin and Microelement Deficiency.
One of the most common hair damage factors. The deficiency of vitamins A (retinol), B1 (thiamine), B7 (biotin), C (ascorbic acid) and K (phylloquinone) plays an especially important role in the imbalance of water balance. In addition, calcium, copper, zinc, selenium and silicon are very important for normal hair growth and development. Thus, before choosing repair products for damaged hair, you must first make sure that the required amounts of vitamins and minerals are present in your diet. Indeed, without eliminating their deficit, any cosmetic preparations will be useless.
2. Lack of Moisture.
Another type of nutritional deficiency, only now directly water in the body. The logic here is simple: if there is little moisture in the skin, then there will be little of it in the hair shaft, which will make it brittle. The fact that the skin is supplied with it “according to the residual principle” gives particular importance to a sufficient daily intake of water (at least 2 liters per day!). That is, if there is not enough moisture in the body, then it is the skin and its derivatives that will feel it first.
3. Other Diet Disorders.
The condition of the hair is influenced not only by water, vitamins and minerals, but also by other foods that we eat. So, for example, an overabundance of fried, fatty and spicy foods, as well as sweets and pastries, can be a factor in the deterioration of the hairstyle. Preference should be given to fermented milk products, nuts and legumes, fresh vegetables and fruits, dietary meat, fish and other food of marine origin.
4. Improper Care.
The second (and sometimes the first) most frequent factor of damage to the hair shafts. This includes a variety of errors in nursing procedures:
- using the wrong or low-quality shampoo;
- frequent heat-laying;
- constant use of a hot hair dryer;
- frequent perms with aggressive chemistry;
- wearing tight elastic bands or hairpins;
- chronic hair damage when combing, etc.
5. Frequent Lightening and Hair Coloring.
Strictly speaking, these are also care procedures. But this reason is so widespread that cosmetologists usually pay special attention to the question of how to restore hair damaged and dry after lightening or dyeing at home.
A change in the shade of a hairstyle necessarily implies a chemical effect on the cuticle, which means that an almost inevitable damage to its structure. As a result, after the keratinized cells of the protective layer are oxidized by chemicals of dyes, water from the inner region of the hair evaporates, which increases its fragility and dryness, and also provokes longitudinal splitting of its tip.
Intensive care and application of only professional cosmetics for 2 weeks after painting will help alleviate the situation.
6. Smoking and Alcohol.
They must be abandoned without fail. The harm that these habits cause to hair and skin health cannot be overemphasized.
7. Diseases of The Gastrointestinal Tract.
Very often, in diseases of the digestive system, the flow of vitamins and microelements into the blood is disrupted. The consequence of this quickly becomes their insufficiency, which we talked about earlier.
8. Other Pathologies.
This group of hair damage factors contains a variety of diseases that, in one way or another, worsen the condition of the hairline:
- diseases of the endocrine glands (for example, the pancreas or thyroid gland);
- anemia of various origins;
- serious impairment of the lungs and / or kidneys;
- intestinal parasites, etc.
9. Negative Environmental Factors.
Hair can be damaged by frosty air in winter and heat in summer, ultraviolet solar radiation, aggressive impurities in the atmosphere of industrial cities, etc. The negative influence of these factors is quite large, but it is not difficult to protect yourself from them – here it will be enough to use hats or special protective cosmetics.
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How to Repair Damaged Hair?
Now that we have figured out the reasons for the deterioration of your hairstyle, you can go on to describe the means that will help return the former splendor of your hair.
The most common question that cosmetologists hear: is it possible to restore very damaged hair or just cut it? The answer is clear: just cut. Remember: hair is dead cells. This means that no care products (nutritious, moisturizing, etc.) are able to improve the condition of these cells. The maximum that the cosmetics can do is to mechanically glue the exfoliated cuticle “scales” for a while. But the effect here will be only temporary, since it will not return moisture to the inner hair shaft anyway, and after the glue dries, the “scales” will disperse again.
Before you start restoring your hairstyle, you should get rid of damaged hair by making a short haircut.
After you have cut your damaged hair, all attention should be focused on improving the condition of the hair follicles in the scalp. After all, they also suffered from the effects of negative factors, which means your task is to neutralize these effects and make sure that healthy, strong hair grows from the follicles in the future. And here you cannot do without the use of professional cosmetics.
In its composition, the presence of specialized care substances must be indicated. These include aromatic plant oil extracts, such as almond or sea buckthorn oil, and regenerative emollients such as lanolin, glycerin, panthenol , etc. It is very important to choose a shampoo according to your hair type. But in most cases, damage to the hair shafts leads to a loss of moisture, which means that you can safely use shampoos for dry hair.
Gels and Conditioners
Such cosmetics are good for their versatility. It has several positive effects on the hair at once:
Nutritious – Supply of hair follicles and scalp with vitamins, trace elements and other biologically active substances necessary for normal hair growth and health;
Protective – Many gels and conditioners are able to prevent hair damage as a result of thermal effects, as well as protect them from the negative effects of ultraviolet radiation from the sun;
Conditioning, that is, simply speaking, facilitating combing and creating a hairstyle, giving the hair volume and increased splendor;
Color-Protective – Some products of this type slow down the washing out of the introduced pigment from colored hair, which significantly reduces the need for quick re-dyeing.
After applying conditioner and / or gel to your hair and scalp, you should pause, the duration of which you will read on the label of a particular cosmetic product. Such a pause is necessary so that all useful components have the opportunity to act most fully and effectively.
Moisturizing Sprays and Fluids
Any care product for dry and damaged hair will almost certainly have a moisturizing effect. But, as we said, water balance is crucial for the strength and flexibility of the hair shaft. Therefore, additional specialized products that supply it with moisture must still be present in your cosmetic arsenal.
They will answer the question of how to restore dry damaged hair ends. Aromatic oil extracts of medicinal plants, unlike essential oils, have a heavy texture that effectively fights cuticle cell stratification. And the prevention of cuticle detachment prevents exposure of the hair shaft, that is, eliminates the main cause of its splitting. In addition, oils moisturize the scalp very well. You may use Garnier Hair Care Fructis Triple Nutrition for this purpose.
These include, perhaps, the thickest, heaviest and most intense cosmetics. Their main task is to supply the hair follicles and skin with nutrients rather than moisture. The composition of masks is usually replete with biologically active compounds, which, in addition, are selected so as to enhance and complement each other’s action. On the one hand, it is convenient, since such a complex nutrition quickly restores the health of damaged hair. On the other hand, such an intense effect requires a particularly careful and careful attitude. Therefore, cosmetologists recommend using nutritious masks no more than once a week, and during use, strictly follow the instructions on the label.
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Self-made care cosmetics are usually less effective than professional products. However, masks such as:
- egg in castor oil;
- mask with henna and olive oil;
- mask with curdled milk and aromatic oil;
- mask with vitamins A and E, Dimexide and burdock oil;
- honey mask;
- fruit milk, etc.
In addition, from home methods for restoring damaged hair, you can also recommend the use of decoctions of medicinal herbs:
- nettle leaves;
- burdock root;
- linden blossom;
- pharmacy chamomile;
- yarrow, etc.
Such phytotherapeutic agents are used both in isolation and as a complex therapy for damaged hair, for example, rinsing the head with a decoction after washing. If desired, it is allowed to use herbal remedies at least every day – this is their great advantage. But remember that an already prepared decoction of medicinal herbs, even in the refrigerator, can be stored for no more than a day.
Helpful Care Tips
Finally, we will give a few recommendations that will facilitate the care of damaged hair in the process of its restoration:
- It is more convenient to style brittle and dry hair in a hairstyle using a special gel. It will make your hair smoother, more durable and shinier.
- Polishing styling will also add shine and smoothness. Brushing along the entire length of the hair with a parallel cold blow from the hairdryer in the same direction will smooth the cuticles and improve the appearance of the hairstyle.
- To protect hair from excessive loss of moisture and splitting, you can use cosmetics based on silicone. It will create the thinnest protective film around the hair shaft. But such funds have a heavy texture, and therefore they need to be applied only to the tips of the ears.