Thick, strong, shiny, silky hair is the dream of all girls. We learn to care for your hair correctly so that you look luxurious and not waste money on advertised products and procedures. Now we’ll discuss about professional hair care for girls in this article.
Scratching your head with your nails is a useful massage, your hair will grow better. Shampoo should be changed often so that the hair does not get used to it. Applying a mask to the hair roots means strengthening the hair follicles … We are trying to do something useful for the hair, but in fact we spoil it. Yes, all of the above habits are bad. How do you need it? We asked Anastasia Smirnova, a stylist, creator of the Hair of Dreams hair restoration and hair loss system, about professional hair care at home.
How Hair Grows: Some Interesting Facts
Hair grows on average by 1.5 to 2 centimeters per month, this is 10 – 15 centimeters per year. The life of each hair consists of three phases:
- Active growth phase (1000 days). During this period, we can help the hair grow long and healthy as much as possible.
- Resting phase (10 days), when the old hair is about to fall out and make room for the new one.
- Loss phase (100 days). Hair either falls out on its own, or we “help” them while washing, combing.
About 80% of the hair is constantly growing, the rest is dormant or about to fall out. As a rule, the third phase coincides with the cycles of nature – in spring and autumn. And in summer, hair grows most actively, – says Anastasia a hair care expert. Loss is a natural process, you do not need to be afraid of it. But if the hair loss lasts longer than three months, hurry to see a specialist, identify the cause and eliminate it.
You may also like to read: Hair Growth: How to Care for Your Hair to Speed Up Its Growth?
How to Take Care of Your Hair at Home?
Professional hair care at home must be comprehensive.
First of all, it is important to create favorable external conditions. The air humidity in the room should be at least 40%, then the hair will not dry out too much, break and split, – Anastasia (a hair care expert) advises. – Choose from natural materials for pillowcases, hats, sweaters and other things with which your head comes into contact. Synthetics not only fluff and electrify hair, but also receive mechanical damage.
Further – competent washing with an understanding of which product should cope with which task. It is advisable to refuse drying with a hot hair dryer, dyeing, perming, building.
Finally, watch your health. External cosmetic care does not affect the growth rate and quality of each hair that originates deep in the bulb. But its capabilities depend on the quality of our blood, the presence in it of all the necessary microelements for building healthy hair. If the body is slagged, no matter how many fruits and vitamins we eat, they will not be able to fully assimilate and reach the bulb. So real change comes from within.
How to Wash Your Hair?
Under a microscope, the hair stems resemble a lump: they consist of scales along the entire length. The edges of the shell scales on the newly formed part of the hair are smooth and intact. As the hair grows back, the sheath is damaged and the scales are easily detached from the shaft. Hair is tangled and difficult to comb. Masks, balms and conditioners are designed, depending on the components, both to “patch holes” in the structure of the hair fiber, and to “dress” the hair in a special film that protects it from external influences.
Care products must be used in the correct sequence, as each one has a specific task.
During washing, it opens the scales and cleanses the hair and scalp from dust, dirt and excess sebum. The shampoo does not heal, does not strengthen, does not restore, as is often written on the labels. Even if there are useful elements in the composition, they simply will not have time to integrate in a short washing time.
How to Apply?
Lather a small amount in the palms of your hands and apply to the scalp and hair roots, massage gently with your fingertips, then rinse. The soapy water will also wash the hair along its entire length.
Yes, right after shampoo, while the scales are open. Useful elements penetrate the hair and fill it with useful elements: nourish, moisturize, heal, restore the structure.
How to Apply?
Spread evenly through hair, avoiding roots. Otherwise, the pores of the scalp will become clogged with the oils contained in the mask, and the hair will eventually begin to thin and fall out.
3. Conditioner (or Balm)
A mandatory final step. The tool will close the scales, make the hair smooth. Only then can you comb and dry your hair.
How to Apply?
Evenly over the entire length of the hair, avoiding roots.
Why Does Hair Fall Out?
Hair is an indicator of the health of the body. Loss is always a symptom, not an independent disease, so it is very important to improve the work of internal organs, – Anastasia insists. “Many, instead, sign up for expensive procedures that give only an external effect and then not for long. They smear the roots with warming and vasodilators, only increasing the hair loss. Take vitamins “for hair”. There will be no effect from them if the body is slogged: useful substances simply will not be absorbed.
Hair can fall out due to scalp diseases (diffuse alopecia, seborrhea, lichen …), thyroid problems. Natural aging and age-related hormonal disruptions in women over 50. Due to malnutrition and deficiency of some vitamins (A, B, C, E). The use of hormonal contraceptives, pregnancy affects the condition of the hair. Polluted air, poor quality water. Wearing overly tight hats and caps made from cheap materials.
Stress is another common factor that causes hair to deteriorate.
Neither nourishing masks nor vitamins will help if you are often and very nervous, – Anastasia explains. Stress provokes hormonal disruption, which is reflected in the hair. With chronic stress, the body’s need for vitamins and minerals increases, and this can lead to hypovitaminosis even with relatively adequate nutrition. The trace element selenium helps to cope with stress, which stabilizes the functioning of the nervous system. It is found in nuts, legumes, broccoli, buckwheat.
Healthy Foods for Hair
The first step is to adjust the diet. The diet should be healthy, balanced. Refuse preservation, salty, smoked, fatty, spicy, flour, sweet, coffee, alcohol. Lay on vegetables and fruits, legumes and seeds, nuts, herbs, oils (especially Omega-3), dried fruits. Drink about two liters of water a day.
And real hair superfoods are spinach, pumpkin seeds, amaranth leaves, basil, mint, peaches. Chew, add to salads, cereals, pastries …
Ten Life Hacks for Hair Care
- Comb your hair before washing. So, they will rinse better, and reduce the consumption of funds.
- Damp hair should only be brushed with conditioner when the scales are covered.
- Do not wash your hair with hot water. The higher the water temperature, the more intensively the sebaceous glands work and the production of sebum (sebum) increases.
- Towel wringing is traumatic for hair. Better to blot them with a more delicate and easily absorbent cloth (sheet, T-shirt).
- It is better to air dry your hair naturally. If you cannot do without a hair dryer, switch it to cold air mode.
- Tight hairstyles and frequent brushing damage the hair. The skin on the head is tightly stretched, which impairs blood circulation and prevents the follicles from fully nourishing.
- Take off your hat when walking outside into a warm room to avoid overheating and sweating.
- It is no longer possible to revive the ends of the hair – just cut it. This, by the way, does not affect hair growth, only grooming.
- The characteristic crunch of hair when cutting means the hair is breaking. This happens if the craftsman uses a cheap tool that quickly becomes blunt. Change the master!
- Get enough sleep! This is important for health, and hair grows faster during sleep.
Frequently Asked Questions and Their Answers
Question: How to comb properly?
Answer: Very carefully and carefully starting from the ends.
Question: If dyeing is indispensable (for example, gray hair), what is the best paint to use?
Answer: Unfortunately, there is no safe staining. It is better not to paint over gray hair with harsh colors, but to help the body replenish natural pigments from the inside and solve the gray hair issue once and for all.
Question: Proper hair care at home is, first of all, the right choice of cosmetics. What to look for when choosing a shampoo?
Answer: On what surfactants (surfactants) are included in the composition – aggressive or soft. I recommend sulfate-free shampoos. Sulfates are salts of sulfuric acid that destroy the hair structure and the lipid layer of the skin. Also choose a shampoo that is right for your hair: type, skin condition. And not the one that a friend praises, even if her shampoo is expensive. Cheap funds, by the way, are also not worth buying.
Question: It is believed that the conditioner shampoo should be changed periodically, as the hair “gets used”. This is true?
Answer: Hair has a neutral structure, and it doesn’t matter how often you change your makeup. What matters is whether the care is right for you and whether it solves the specific problem. When the problem is solved, change the products if necessary, based on the condition of the hair.
Question: Does it make sense to add vitamins, essential oils and other benefits to ready-made shampoos?
Answer: I strongly advise against doing this! “Industrial” products have a balanced composition with adjusted pH-factor and components that act in a complex, helping one another.
Question: How often should you wash your hair?
Answer: Very individual, but ideally it should be brought up to 1-2 times a week, so as not to provoke excessive, too frequent production of a protective greasy scalp. By the way, if you wash your hair more often, the mask (second stage) cannot be used every time. But the conditioner is required after each wash.
Question: How to apply oils correctly?
Answer: I recommend applying oils for restoration before washing your head from the middle of the hair to the ends. Or after washing to the ends. Why not on the roots and skin? The oil clogs the pores, which causes poor oxygen supply and the bulb cannot function properly. It is also worth remembering: most oils will not restore, but simply give shine and make them heavier, which can provoke loss.
Question: The longer you keep the mask, the better – is this true?
Answer: Masks and balms, as a rule, have a slightly acidic medium to neutralize the alkaline effect on the hair (when dyeing, curling). The time indicated by the manufacturer on the packaging is the time it takes for the product to restore the pH of your hair to the ideal level. By continuing to hold masks and balms for longer, you are essentially exposing your hair to an excessive acidic environment, which also damages the scales. So don’t get carried away. In the case of an air conditioner, it just doesn’t make any sense. The conditioner creates a polymer film on the hair surface in exactly the time specified. Keeping it longer is harmless, but it will not add any bonuses.
Question: Are homemade hair masks good for your hair? For example, egg, kefir …
Answer: The protein molecules of these products are too large to be incorporated into the small tears of damaged hair. Therefore, it is better to spend this money on a healthy breakfast or a quality mask. But the popular homemade mask “yolk-cognac-lemon juice” can even be harmful, since the acidity of such a composition cannot be correctly calculated at home. Masks based on alcohol, clay and henna dry the hair.