Protein is not part of urine, in medicine, an increase in protein in the urine is called proteinuria. In men, its appearance in the urine also usually occurs as a result of severe physical stress, feverish conditions, hypothermia, stress, and excessive consumption of protein foods. Proteinuria in a healthy body persists only for the duration of the influence of the provoking factor.
Protein of increased concentration is observed in inflammatory processes in the urinary system. It can be released from the prostate gland, urethra. This condition is called false proteinuria. It is reliably known that high protein is the result of a malfunction of the kidney filters, provoked by acute nephrosis, bilateral kidney damage with damage to the renal glomeruli, kidney tuberculosis, lesions of the calyx-pelvic system and renal parenchyma, hypertension.
Protein in urine is a symptom accompanying not only urological diseases, but also infectious pathologies. The excretion of albumin proteins in the urine is called albuminuria. Functional albuminuria occurs in allergic reactions, leukemia, epileptic disease, and cardiac insufficiency. Pathological albuminuria is always renal in origin and is indicative of kidney disease. With any amount of protein in the urine, it is important to be examined by a specialist and determine the cause of its appearance.
Proteinuria in men is observed with prostatitis, urethritis, in these situations, the amount of protein, as a rule, does not exceed 1%. Renal proteinuria is observed with inorganic damage to the parenchyma, increased permeability of the renal filter. In patients with diabetic nephropathy, the protein content in the urine indicates a loss of the functional ability of the renal glomeruli.
Usually, there is an increase in blood pressure and a violation of glomerular filtration. When it comes to the presence of protein in the urine of a man, it is necessary to do repeated tests to confirm the composition of the urine and find out exactly what caused the increase in the protein level. This need is due to the fact that protein can appear both due to the possibility of penetration of sperm and pus, and as a result of harmless reasons, for example, due to stress, heavy physical exertion, or hypothermia.
A thorough examination of men is the key to early detection of kidney diseases – reflux, glomerulonephritis, amyloidosis, pyelonephritis and acute tubular necrosis. An increase in protein in the urine often causes hemolytic anemia, gangrene of the extremities, myocardial infarction. Practice shows that muscle diseases or injuries, ischemia, cardiovascular disorders, cancer lead to an increase in protein in the urine.
With prolonged preservation of an overestimated protein in urine, characteristic symptoms arise. There is pain in the bones, fatigue, loss of appetite, anemia, drowsiness, dizziness, changes in body temperature, accompanied by chills, nausea and vomiting. Men need to remember that when a protein is found, a doctor can prescribe a treatment, and it is always aimed at treating the underlying pathology.
Protein Varieties Found in Urine in Men
The protein usually contains seroalbumin and seroglobulin, but the acetic acid protein body and the protein body of Bens-Jones can still be found in the urine. Acetic acid protein body is a combination of protein with chondroitinsulfuric acid. Its presence in the urine indicates damage to the renal epithelium and appears most often with orthostatic albuminuria and congestive kidney – processes caused by impaired blood circulation in the kidney.
Also, the acetic-protein body is excreted in the urine after minor physical exertion, with excessive exertion, albumin and globulin are added to the urine. Another type of protein, the Bens-Jones protein body, enters the urine with lymphatic leukemia, with a tumor of vascular origin, with a malignant disease affecting the bones, with Rustitsky-Kahler disease (multiple myeloma).
There is a phenomenon called albumosis. Albumoses are protein breakdown products that appear when cells in the body break down due to abscess and gangrene of the lung, accumulation of pus inside a hollow organ, accumulation of pus inside a hollow organ, stomach ulcers, and sperm entering the urine. Proteinuria, regardless of gender, is usually classified by the amount of protein secreted:
- Moderate – up to 1 g of protein per day;
- Medium – from 1 to 3 g of protein per day;
- Expressed or severe – more than 3 g of protein per day;
- Doctors recommend monitoring urine readings; timely detection of an increase in protein can prevent serious health problems.