Bubbles, rashes, ulcers – all this is a consequence of chickenpox (chickenpox), the disease of which becomes infected every second child, and less often adults. Scars after Chickenpox are considered atrophic, i.e. they are located below the skin level. Over time, some scars become almost invisible and some can be uncomfortable. The sooner you start treating chickenpox marks, the greater the chance to restore your skin to its former smoothness and beauty. Let’s take a look at the most effective and proven treatments for chickenpox scars.
What is Chickenpox?
Chickenpox is an acute infection of the herpetic family, accompanied by characteristic blistering eruptions on the skin. The virus is transmitted by airborne droplets, at distances of up to 20 mm. Chickenpox is poorly resistant in the external environment, therefore, when a patient is found in a team, disinfection is not necessary. Most often, children are sick, in a special risk group are kids who visit places with a mass crowd of people, especially schoolchildren and kindergarteners.
A patient with chickenpox becomes “dangerous” to the environment two days before the onset of the rash and continues to be contagious for a week after the onset of the rash. The incubation period lasts up to 3 weeks. Chickenpox enters the human body through the mucous membrane (nose, eyes, mouth), spreads through the human body through the blood, and multiplies in the thorn-like layers of the skin and mucous membranes.
Attention! The varicella-zoster virus remains in the human body for life, with a decrease in immunity, it manifests itself as shingles.
How Do Scars Appear?
The main characteristic feature of chickenpox is small bubbles, 2-5 mm in diameter. They can appear on any part of the skin, and “pop up” immediately after the temperature drops. Inside, the bubbles are filled with a transparent liquid, bursting they form small dimples that pass, with proper care, within 2 weeks.
More than 70% of patients with chickenpox suffered from it in childhood or adolescence. During this period of life, children still think little about the consequences of their actions. As you know, a chicken rash, on the 4-5th day, begins to itch, delivering unpleasant sensations to the patient. No one listens to the advice of doctors and parents that it is not worth touching the rash, the child begins to constantly touch the “bubbles”, scratches, tries to remove them, thereby launching the infection or bacteria under his skin.
In an older age, the disease is much harder to carry, often accompanied by a high fever, weakness, in this condition, there is simply no time for “itchy pimples”. And although patience, endurance and understanding grows with age, the regenerating properties of the skin are not at all the same. And if in childhood, the probability that scars remain is somewhere around 30%, then after 20 years, this figure increases to 50%.
Advice! Regardless of age, the chance of healing chickenpox scars is higher if you start taking action right after the illness. The longer you postpone treatment, the less chance of getting rid of scars completely is minimized. “Fresh” rash scars respond best to nonsurgical treatment.
Where Do the Scars Come From?
- In people with lowered immunity, during chickenpox, the rash is large, and most importantly deep blisters that heal for a long time and eventually leave scars;
- With complications of chickenpox, a bacterial infection begins to develop, pus accumulates under the skin, which is difficult to treat, and in 90% of cases, leaves behind “unpleasant pits”;
- Irritation of chickenpox rash, scratching, causes infection, which as a result leads to scarring of the wounds;
- It is a big mistake to “rip / pick out” the sores before the crust falls off the bubbles by itself. This disrupts the natural healing of wounds, resulting in scars.
How to Prevent Scarring?
The simplest, most effective and cheapest way is the Russian brilliant green. The brilliant green solution has the following properties:
- kills germs at the site of the rash of bubbles.
- is a prophylactic agent for the development of bacteria and infections in places where rashes are spread.
- with the help of brilliant green, the old rash is “marked”, so you can track whether the disease has gone into decline or not.
- brilliant green has drying properties, this allows you to keep the protective crust of the sore, just as long as the resulting fossa “does not overgrow” with new epithelium.
Advice! Wind eruptions are very itchy. If an adult can endure, then small children cannot control their desires in this way and begin to scratch their skin. In order to somehow protect the child, nails during illness need to be cut short, or to wear scratches (mittens / gloves).
In addition, until the sores completely disappear, you need to remember the following rules:
- you cannot use cosmetic antibacterial agents without medical indications;
- do not use creams, masks, foundation with a high content of fatty substances;
- you cannot use wound healing substances without a doctor’s prescription;
- massage, rub, iron the skin next to the rash.
How to Get Rid of Scars After Chickenpox?
There are several ways to treat scars after chickenpox:
Basically, these include special ointments that allow you to cope with both “fresh scars” and old ones.
Contractubex. The most popular scar remedy. But you need to start using it right after you recover from chickenpox. For the best effect, you need to use it for 4-6 months, depending on the depth of the scars. The active components of contractubex improve blood circulation, promoting accelerated healing, have anti-inflammatory and bactericidal effects;
Dermatics. Used to eliminate both old and new traces of chickenpox. It contains silicone, which penetrates into the dermis, filling all the depressions and creating the greenhouse effect necessary for the correct location of the skin fibers.
Zeraderm Ultra. The active substances of the gel create a film that softens the scar and promotes “proper” healing, fills the skin with oxygen, improves the elasticity of the dermis and its ability to regenerate.
Kelo Cat. Just like dermatics, it contains silicone, therefore it has the same properties. Available in spray and gel form.
Kelofibraz. The cream contains urea, this substance increases the elasticity of the skin, moisturizes it, dissolves the scar tissue.
Dexapanthenol. Thanks to the B vitamin and auxiliary substances (sea buckthorn oil, lanolin, petroleum jelly, citric acid), which are part of this cream / gel, damaged skin heals quickly.
Advice! It is best to start using this remedy as soon as your chickenpox recovers. It should be applied two to three times a day to damaged areas.
If the cosmetics did not help, then you can turn to professional cosmetologists for help. The most popular and most effective cosmetic methods:
Wraps. For this method, refined, natural oils are mainly used. The most effective in this case are a mixture of olive and lavender oil, as well as cocoa butter. The agent is applied to cleansed skin, and then the healed area is wrapped with a film and covered with a thermal blanket. If the damaged area is the face, then you can simply cover it with a cosmetic mask. Under the influence of heat, medicinal oils penetrate deep into the pores faster, accelerating the healing of the dermis.
Peeling. The best way to remove chickenpox scars is acid peeling. The point of the technique is to apply a special mixture of acids to the skin, most often fruit acids, which destroy the upper layer of the skin, thereby killing the healed dermis, and helping to develop a new one. After a peeling session, the skin turns red and flakes, but after healing it will become even and healthy again. For the best result, you need to carry out several sessions.
Advice! Will help accelerate the healing of the dermis after acid peeling, dexapanthenol-based products.
Injection Technique. There are multicomponent injections based on hyaluronic acid, vitamins, and herbal supplements, as well as single-component injections based on collagen or the same “hyaluronic acid”.
Mechanical damage to the upper epidermis. For this I use a special point laser, which removes the affected skin and promotes accelerated regeneration of a new and healthy one. Microdermabrasion is one of the types of peeling, the essence of which is to apply special microcrystals to the skin that remove the top layer of damaged skin and start the process of cell regeneration.
Traditional Methods to Treat Scars After Chickenpox
Cocoa Butter. This remedy helps if the scars are not very deep and fresh. Every day it should be applied to clean skin, on damaged areas, with light circular movements. It improves blood circulation, gives skin elasticity and accelerates cell regeneration.
Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C). It can be used both for external use and for internal use. It is usually added to the cream that you usually use or make masks based on products with a high vitamin C content (sea buckthorn, currants, kiwi, dill).
Onions. The juice of this vegetable contains enzymes that promote accelerated cell regeneration. Fresh onion juice should be applied to the skin twice a day, after steaming it.
They moisturize the skin well, help the early healing of wounds with a banana or cucumber. They can lubricate the skin daily or make compresses, 2-3 times a week.
It helps well for the treatment of scars – honey. On its basis, masks are made with the addition of essential oils (castor, tea, sea buckthorn), once or twice a week.
Prevention of Scars
But in order to prevent scarring, you need to remember a few important tips:
- During illness, you need to wear loose clothing made from natural fabrics so that the body can breathe;
- As soon as the first blisters begin to appear, immediately begin to smear them with brilliant green;
- You cannot treat the disease yourself, especially with antibiotics;
- For children, be sure to trim their nails short.